In schools that made significant improvements in a short amount of time, Leithwood and Strauss (2009) found that the schools held three common beliefs:
1. All students are capable of learning when appropriate instruction is provided.
2. While students' family backgrounds have important consequences for their learning, schools are able to more than compensate for the effects of challenging family circumstances.
3. What schools need to do for all students to achieve at improved levels is known, can be learned, and required everyone in the school to work toward common goals.
Do we hold these beliefs?