I am attending a course at an institute which promotes global education. Today we focused on children's literature. First we learned about the philosophies of Buddhism, Confucianism, Legalism, Daoism, and Shinto. We each read a second-fourth grade picture book representing either China, Japan, Korea, or Vietnam in pairs. Then we matched what key principles and goals were represented in each folk tale. Really fun for the older elementary students!
For the younger students, if we are studying China, I may introduce one key principle for Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism, and have the students identify one character in the book who exhibits any key principles or goals. I would model a lot first.
Of course, young students can identify the parts of geography, places, and aspects of culture that the folktale represents in either words or pictures.