Present Continuous:

We use the present continuous tense to talk about the present:

  • For something that is happening at the moment of speaking

 

I’m studying right now.

My sister is sleeping.

They are watching a movie.

You can identify this use for these most common adverbials: Now, right now, at the moment and currently.

  • For temporary situations.

 

I’m working here for two weeks.

She is staying with a friend for a few days.

These days we are staying here.

 

You can identify this use for these most common adverbials: at the moment, these days and for a few days.

 

  • Define future plans. Definite future arrangements (with a future time word)

 

I’m going to USA next week.

We are meeting tonight.

He is coming this weekend.

 

You can identify this use for these most common adverbials: tonight, this weekend, next week, later.

 

  • Changing situations.

 

Global warming is increasing.

The weather is improving.

I’m getting better at playing piano.

 

You can identify this use for these most common adverbials: little by little, gradually, increasing.

 

Rules:

  • Auxiliary verb “am or is or are” is used in sentence.

 

  • The present continuous tense is formed from the present tense of the verb be and the present participle (-ing form) of a verb.

 

Sentence Structure

 

  • Affirmative.

 

Subject + (is + verb in Ing) + ob/c

 

The cat is eating the food on the table.

 

Subject + (are/am + verb in Ing) + ob/c

 

The boys are studying phonetics.

I am reading a book for tomorrow’s class.

 

  • Negative.

 

Subject (he, she, it) + is not/isn’t + verb in Ing +c

 

She is not sitting on the chair right now.

 

Subject + am not – are not/aren’t + verb in Ing + c

 

They are not listening to country music.

I am not playing attention to the doorbell.

 

  • Questions.

 

Wh-q + is/are/am + subject + verb in Ing + c ?

 

What is she reading?

Who are they visiting this evening?

 

Is/are/am + subject + verb in Ing + c ?

 

Is she writing her essay?

Are they coming tonight?

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