We use present simple for
- Daily routines. example: I wash up my face everyday
- Facts. example: He lives on a farm
-Feelings. example: Ginger loves John
- Repeated actions. example: She always smile
We have three possible option to write a sentence in present simple:
SUBJECT + VERB ( WITH S, ES) + OBJECT
example: My bus leaves at 6 pm.
SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT + OBJECT
example: A car is a modern machine
SUBJECT + ADVERB OF FREQUENCY + VERB (WITH S, ES) + ADVERBIAL
example: I always walk in the mornings
SUBJECT + DO NOT/ DON´T + VERB + COMPLEMENT OR OBJECT
example: I don´t like trains
SUBJECT + DOES NOT/ DOESN´T + VERB + COMPLEMENT OR OBJECT
example: She does not eat chocolate
WH-Q (questions start in "wh" for example: what, which, who...) + DO + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT
example: What do they wear?
TIP: You can create a question without a "wh" question, for example: Do you like pizza?
WH-Q + DOES + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT
example: Why does she want to learn spanish? ; Does he live there?
Add ES to verbs ending in: X, SH, SS, CH, O
Add S to verbs ending in. vowel + Y
Add IES to verbs ending in: Consonant + Y
- Action hapenning right now. example: He is eating a sandwich right now
-Action in progress. example: The earth is getting warmer rapidly
SUBJECT + VERB (WITH "ING) + COMPLEMENT
example: I´m running in this moment
SUBJECT + AREN´T/ ISN´T + VERB (WITH "ING) + COMPLEMENT
example: They aren´t playing right now
AUX.VERB (TO BE) + SUBJECT + VERB (WITH "ING") + COMPLEMENT
example: Is she walking in this moment?
WH-Q + AUX. VERB (TO BE) + SUBJECT + VERB (WITH "ING") + COMPLEMENT
example: What are they doing now?
In the present continous, the verb "to be" acts an a auxiliary verb.
- To connect a past event to present and have consequences. example: She can´t buy new clothes, she has lost her wallet.
-To describe a past event that continues in the present. example: I´ve played guitar ever since I was a little girl.
-To describe something that happened between the past and the present. example: I´ve been studying at University
-To talk about something that happened in a very recent past that includes the present. example: I have done my homework this morning.
SUBJECT + HAS/HAVE + VERB (PARTICIPLE) + COMPLEMENT
example: I have worked here for three years
She has bought a new car
SUBJECT + HAS NOT/ HASN´T + VERB (PARTICIPLE) + COMPLEMENT
example: She hasn´t studied for the test
SUBJECT + HAVE NOT/ HAVEN´T + VERB (PARTICIPLE) + COMPLEMENT
example: I have not been in a relationship since last year
WH-Q + HAVE/HAS + SUBJECT + VERB (PARTICIPLE) + COMPLEMENT
example: What have you done this morning?
Be careful with the verb form, it must be ALWAYS in participle.