So often, StarTrek science predated reality. Here's another story of their amazing vision:
Transparent metal hints at nature of planets’ cores
Transparent aluminum, a sci-fi material brought to 20th century Earth by the crew of The Enterprise in Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, turns out to exist after all – if you see in X-rays.
To create this exotic state of matter, researchers at the FLASH facility in Hamburg, Germany, took a thin piece of aluminum foil and blasted it with an X-ray laser that can generate about 10 million gigawatts of power per square centimetre. (more)